【四级答案】2015年12月大学英语四级考试参考答案

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四级参考答案
卷一

【短对话】

  1. B. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.

  2. A. At a gift shop.

  3. C. He declined a job offer from the art gallery.

  4. D. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

  5. B. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.

  6. A. They way to the visitor’s parking.

  7. D. He has benefited from exercise.

  8. D. The secretaries in the man’s company.

  【长对话】

  9. B. It is used by more people than English.

  10. C. The influence of the British Empire.

  11.It includes a lot of words from other languages.

  12.To place an order

  13.He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.

  14.It depends on a number of factors.

  15.Ring back when she comes to a decision.

  【短文理解】

  16. No one knows for sure when they came into being.

  17.Carry ropes across river.

  18.To prove the lighting is electricity.

  19.She can speak several languages.

  20.They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

  21.She was able to translate for a German sports judge.

  22.Taste the beef and give her comment.

  23.He grew up in a poor single parent household.

  24.Stupid

  25.Write two book reports a week.

  【短文听写】

  26.heavenly

  27. fascinating

  29. Now and then

  32. characteristics

  34. naked

  35 .relatively

  36.G

  37.M

  38.B

  39.O

  40.I

  41.D

  42.F

  43.J

  44.H

  45.N

  46. The author was advised against the improper use of figures of speech. 对应I段

  47. The author's mother taught him a valuable lesson by pointing out lots of flaws in his seemingly perfect essay. 对应C段

  48. A writer should polish his writing repeatedly so as to get closer to perfection. 对应K段

  49. Writers may experience periods of time in their life when they just can't produce anything. 对应E段

  50. The author was not much surprised when his school teacher marked his essay as "flawless". 都应B段

  51. Criticizing someone's speech is said to be easier than coming up with a better one. 对应F段

  52. The author looks upon his mother as his most demanding and caring instructor. 对应A段

  53. The criticism the author received from his mother changed him as a person. 对应H段

  54. The author gradually improved his writing by avoiding fancy language. 对应J段

  55. Constructive criticism gives an author a good start to improve his writing. 对应G段

  中国父母往往过于关注孩子的学习,以至于不要他们帮忙做家务。他们对孩子的首要要求就是努力学习。考得好,能上名牌大学。他们相信这是为孩子好。因为在中国这样竞争激烈的社会里,只有成绩好才能保证前途光明。中国父母还认为,如果孩子能在社会上取得大的成就,父母就会受到尊重。因此,他们愿意牺牲自己的时间、爱好和兴趣,为孩子提供更好的条件。

  Chinese parents tend to pay so much attention to the academic performance of their children that they stop their kids from helping with the housework. The primary requirement for children is to study hard. Children are entitled to go to elite universities with high exam scores. Parents believe this is for the benefit of their children. Because in a highly competitive society like China, only high scores can guarantee kids a bright future. Chinese parents also think that they will be respected if their children make greater achievements in society. Therefore, parents are willing to sacrifice their own time, hobbies and interest to provide their children with better conditions.

  The Importance of Being Participants in Life

  Nowadays it is common to encounter a scene when people want to see things happen but can't make things happen for various kinds of reasons. Sometimes, they just refuse to be the change in the world.

  As far as I am concerned, we should all have the notion of being the participant in our life. For instance, one can't have a healthy body by merely watching others take regular exercises. He must strengthen his body through his own efforts. Another case is that when people intend to acquire new skills, such as public speaking skill, they need to catch every opportunity to speak in the public so that they can achieve success. Furthermore, there are changes we want to see in the world, like protecting the environment effectively, and the only way to make a difference is that each of us should be a contributing participant.

  In conclusion, let's go out there to make things happen, just as the saying goes: "Be the change you want to see in the world."

卷二

Part I Writing

  1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying "Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission." You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  【答案】

  Undoubtedly, learning is a daily experience and lifetime mission. For instance, Madam Curie, who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity and became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, was known for her persistence in learning.

  Several reasons, both social and individual, could account for the importance of constant learning. Firstly, in an age of ruthless and relentless competition, only by learning constantly can we bring our potential and ability into full play and catch up with the times. Secondly, learning does not only help us acquire knowledge, but also enriches our lives and broadens our horizons. Thirdly, science and technology change with each passing day. Without constant learning, it would be impossible for us to update our knowledge.

  Accordingly, it is constant learning that really matters in achieving success in modern society. In my humble opinion, it is high time that parents and teachers made joint efforts to encourage children to read more books instead of playing computer games all day.

  Part II Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  2.【题干】Question 1

  【答案】B

  3.【题干】Question 2

  【答案】A

  4.【题干】Question 3

  【答案】C

  5.【题干】Question 4

  【答案】D

  6.【题干】Question 5

  【答案】B

  7.【题干】Question 6

  【答案】A

  8.【题干】Question 7

  【答案】D

  9.【题干】Question 8

  【答案】D

  10.【题干】Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  Question 9

  【答案】B

  11.【题干】Question 10

  【答案】C

  12.【题干】Question 11

  【答案】A

  13.【题干】Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  Question 12

  【答案】C

  14.【题干】Question 13

  【答案】B

  15.【题干】Question 14

  【答案】D

  16.【题干】Question 15

  【答案】C

  Section B

  17.【题干】Passage One

  Question 16

  【答案】B

  18.【题干】Question 17

  【答案】A

  19.【题干】Question 18

  【答案】D

  20.【题干】Passage Two

  Question 19

  【答案】B

  21.【题干】Question 20

  【答案】D

  22.【题干】Question 21

  【答案】C

  23.【题干】Question 22

  【答案】A

  24.【题干】Passage Three

  Question 23

  【答案】B

  25.【题干】Question 24

  【答案】B

  26.【题干】Question 25

  【答案】A

  27.【题干】_____

  【答案】heavenly

  28.【题干】_____

  【答案】fascinating

  29.【题干】_____

  【答案】made up of

  30.【题干】_____

  【答案】Now and then

  31.【题干】_____

  【答案】combine with

  32.【题干】_____

  【答案】generally

  33.【题干】_____

  【答案】characteristics

  34.【题干】_____

  【答案】phenomenon

  35.【题干】_____

  【答案】naked

  36.【题干】_____

  【答案】relatively

  37.【题干】_____

  【答案】J

  38.【题干】_____

  【答案】G

  39.【题干】_____

  【答案】O

  40.【题干】_____

  【答案】K

  41.【题干】_____

  【答案】B

  42.【题干】_____

  【答案】I

  43.【题干】_____

  【答案】F

  44.【题干】_____

  【答案】M

  45.【题干】_____

  【答案】A

  46.【题干】_____

  【答案】D

  47.【题干】It will not be difficult to make learning a source of joy if educators change their way of thinking.

  【答案】G

  48.【题干】What distinguishes children from adults is their strong ability to derive joy from what they are doing.

  【答案】D

  49.【题干】Children in America are being treated with shocking cruelty.

  【答案】A

  50.【题干】It is human nature to seek joy in life.

  【答案】F

  51.【题干】Grown-ups are likely to think that learning to children is what medicine is to patients.

  【答案】K

  52.【题干】Bad school conditions make it all the more important to turn learning into a joyful experience.

  【答案】L

  53.【题干】Adults do not consider children's feelings when it comes to education.

  【答案】C

  54.【题干】Administrators seem to believe that only hard work will lead children to their educational goals.

  【答案】I

  55.【题干】In the so-called "effective" schools, children are taught self-control under a set of strict rules.

  【答案】B

  56.【题干】To make learning effective, educators have to ensure that children want to learn.

  【答案】J

  57.【题干】What does the author think of time displayed everywhere?

  【答案】C

  58.【题干】How do people usually go about their work according to the author?

  【答案】A

  59.【题干】What did Tamar Avnet and Anne-Laure Sellier find in their experiments about clock-timers?

  【答案】D

  60.【题干】What do the researchers say about today's business culture?

  【答案】B

  61.【题干】What do the researchers suggest?

  【答案】D

  62.【题干】What does the well-known columnist's remark about Martha Stewart suggest?

  【答案】A

  63.【题干】What do we learn from the second paragraph about many criminals in America?

  【答案】B

  64.【题干】What are the consequences for many Americans with a criminal record?

  【答案】C

  65.【题干】What does the author think of the post-conviction laws and rules?

  【答案】D

  66.【题干】What is the author's main purpose in writing the passage?

  【答案】B

  67.【题干】云南省的丽江古镇是中国著名的旅游目的地之一。那里的生活节奏比大多数中国城市都要缓慢。丽江到处都是美丽的自然风光,众多的少数民族同胞提供了各式各样,丰富多彩的文化让游客体验。历史上,丽江还以“爱之城”而闻名,当地人中流传着许多关于因爱而生、为爱而死的故事。如今,在中外游客眼中,这个古镇被视为爱情和浪漫的天堂(paradise)。

  【答案】The ancient town of Lijiang in Yunnan province is one of the famous tourist destinations. Its living rhythm is slower than that of most other Chinese cities. Lijiang is full of natural beautiful sceneries, where numerous minority nationalities provide rich and varied cultures in order to give tourists a different experience. Historically, Lijiang was also known as "the city of love". Plenty of stories about living for love and dying for love have been spread among the natives. Nowadays, the old town equals the paradise of love and romance in the eyes of Chinese and foreign tourists.

卷三

Listening is more important than talking

  It is no exaggeration to say that listening is more important than talking. For instance, without listening, a baby won’t know how to speak; without enough listening, we cannot speak English fluently; without listening carefully in classroom, we cannot follow our teachers.

  There are several reasons to account for the importance of listening. First and foremost, only by listening to others carefully can we understand their points of views. Secondly, more listening can not only broaden our horizons, but also helps us absorb others’ wisdom. Last but not least, listening is an input and talking is an output. It is unwise to voice our opinions in those topics that we are unfamiliar with.

  As an old Chinese old saying goes, silence is gold. Therefore, in my humble opinion, it is of great significance for us to spend more time in listening instead of rushing to speak.

  2.B

  3.A

  4.C

  5.D

  6.B

  7.A

  8.D

  9.D

  10.B

  11.C

  12.A

  13.C

  14.B

  15.D

  16.C

  17.B

  18.A

  19.D

  20.B

  21.D

  22.C

  23.A

  24.B

  25.B

  26.A

  27.heavenly

  28.fascinating

  29.made up of

  30.Now and then

  31.combine with

  32.generally

  33.characteristics

  34.phenomenon

  35.naked

  36.relatively

  Section A

  37.N

  38.F

  39.H

  40.D

  41.J

  42.O

  43.B

  44.G

  45.M

  46.K

  47.D

  48.B

  49.F

  50.O

  51.G

  52.E

  53.J

  54.M

  55.C

  56.H

  57.A

  58.B

  59.D

  60.A

  61.D

  62.A

  63.C

  64.C

  65.B

  66.B

  67.The annual Chinese speech contest for foreigners was held in Changsha this year. The contest proves to be a good way to promote cultural exchanges between China and other parts of the world. It offers the young all over the world an opportunity to know more about China. 126 candidates from 87 nations gathered in the capital of Hunan province to attend the semifinal(半决赛)and the final from July 6 to August 5. Besides the contest(比赛并不是唯一的), the candidates also got a chance to visit famous tourist attractions and historical interests in other parts of China.

答案不全的请去卷一找答案!

卷四

Part I Writing

  【“活到老,学到老”参考范文】

  As an old saying goes, “ Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission”. Apparently, the meaning of this saying is that if we truly desire to learn something, we are supposed to devote our life to it.

  There are several reasons accounting for this viewpoint. Firstly, learning itself is an actually complicated and painful matter, and as a result, it is advisable for us to commit much more time even our whole life to it. Additionally, it is exceedingly obvious that we are easy to forget what we learned, and accordingly, the significance of lifetime learning cannot be ignored. For example, memorizing vocabulary is commonly the first step of preparing for an English test.

  To sum up, lifelong learning lays a solid foundation to the development of ourselves, and only when we realize the significance of lifetime learning can we understand the essence of learning.

  Part II Listening Comprehension

  【短对话】

  1. C. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.

  2. B. At a gift shop.

  3. D. He declined a job offer from the art gallery.

  4. A. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

  5. A. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.

  6. D. The way to the visitor's parking.

  7. B. He has benefited from exercise.

  8. D. The secretaries in the man's company.

  【短文理解】

  Passage One

  16. A) No one knows for sure when they came into being.

  17. D) Carry ropes across rivers.

  18. C) To prove that lightening is electricity.

  Passage Two

  19. C) She can speak several languages.

  20. B) They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

  21. C) She was able to translate for a German sports judge.

  22. B) Taste the beef and give her comment.

  Passage Three

  23. D) He grew up in a poor single parent family.

  24. A) Stupid

  25. B) Write two book reports a week.

  【短文听写】

  (26) heavenly

  (27) fascinating

  (28) made up of

  (29) Now and then

  (30) combine with

  (31) generally

  (32) characteristics

  (33) phenomenon

  (34) naked

  (35) relatively

  Part Ш Reading Comprehension

  Section A

  【选词填空】

  36. G favorite

  37 M protest

  38. B amount

  39. D theories

  40. I immediately

  41. D crazy

  42. F difference

  43. J naturally

  44. H happening

  45. C confirmed

  Section B

  【快速阅读】

  46. I She criticized me when I included little-known...

  47. C My mother, who is just shy of five feet tall...

  48. K Somewhere along the way i set aside my hopes...

  49. E Criticism, at its best, is deeply personal,and gets to the ....

  50. B When good students turn in an essay, they dream of ....

  51. E Criticism, at its best, is deeply personal,and gets to the ....

  52. F Franz Kafka once said: “writing is utter solitude...

  53. H My mother said she would help me with my writing...

  54. I She criticized me when I included little-known references...

  55. H My mother said she would help me with my writing...

  【仔细阅读】

  56 . Its success is hard to copy anywhere else

  57. Lack of the right kind of talents.

  58. Its location is not as attractive to rich people

  59. It is an old city...

  60. They can do more than...

  61. It may prevent your business and career from advancing.

  62. Encourage people to disagree and argue.

  63. To find out ...

  64. They take care ...

  65. Acknowledge ...

  Section C

  Part IV Translation

  【原文】

  云南省的丽江古镇是中国著名的旅游目的地之一。那里的生活节奏比大多数中国的城市都要缓慢。丽江到处都是美丽的自然风光,众多的少数民族同胞提供了各式各样,丰富多彩的文化让游客体验。历史上,丽江还以“爱之城”而闻名。当地人中流传着许多关于人生,为爱而死的故事。如今,在中外游客眼中,这个古镇被视为爱情和浪漫的天堂。(paradise)

  【参考译文】

  Lijiang, an ancient town in Yunan province, is one of the famous tourist attractions in China. The life tempo there is slower than that of majority of cities in China. There is natural scenery everywhere in Lijiang. A substantial number of minority peoples provide various and colorful cultures for tourists to experience. Lijiang has also been known as the “City of Love” in history. Plenty of legends about people born for love and died for love circulate among the local people. Currently, this ancient town is regarded as the paradise of love and romance in the eyes of both Chinese and foreign visitors.

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